Water covers seventy percent of the earth but you will be surprised that only three percent of water is clean and appropriate for humans. Water conservation is not only helpful in saving money on utility bill but it also helps in preventing water pollution in nearby river, lakes, and local watersheds. Conserving water will also help in extending the life of your deleterious system by decreasing soil saturation and also reduces pollution due to leaks if any. Over – loading municipal sewer systems can cause crude sewage to flow to rivers and lakes. The smaller the amount of water flows through the systems, lower the chances of pollution. Many people think about this as a “burden” but I will tell you some ways from which you can conserve water in your home. This is not even that hard so you must follow these tips in order to conserve water:-
1. SAVE YOUR WATER FROM TAP:-
Turn the tap/faucet off while you’re brushing, washing your hands, shaving, washing dishes and so on. Also, turn off the tap while you are showering. You can get wet and then turn off the water while you use the soap and then turn it on the back but not for too long. If you bathe with hot water then you can catch cold water coming from the tap or faucet in another tap while you’re waiting for hot water. You can use it to pour into the toilet reservoir after the flushing or you can also use it to water plants. Also, check everything for leaks especially leaking toilets and faucets and then fix them if you find any leaking.
2. TAKE SHORTER SHOWERS:-
Take a clock, stopwatch or a timer into your bathroom with you and then challenge yourself to take the shower within that time. You should take a shower instead of taking baths as if you will bathe, you’ll use up to hundred liters of water whereas showering will take less than twenty-five percent of this water.
3. USE WASTE WATER OR GRAY WATER FROM THE BATH, WASHING MACHINES OR DISHWASHING IN THE GARDEN:-
You can ally a hose to an outlet on your machine in order to send water in your garden. You can use a hand – operated siphon pump if you want to re – use bath water. When you are washing dishes, rinse dishes into the container and then empty that container into the garden. If you have decided to use gray water in the garden then make sure any detergents or soaps you are using, are safe for this purpose, you must not use gray water for food plants.
4. CONVERT YOUR TOILET TO LOW FLUSH:-
You can place a plastic water bottle in a tank in order to displace some of the water used for each flush. You can counterbalance the bottle by putting some sand or pebbles in it, if necessary. You can also order a hippo or ”save – a – flush” from any local water board. You should know that not all toilets will be able to flush efficiently with decreased amount of water. So make sure to check your toilet if it does.
5. MAKE SURE TO USE TOILET APPROPRIATELY:-
Do not flush every time, remember this line “if it is yellow, let it mellow, if it is brown, let it flush down.” You should also not use your toilet as a trash can. Every time you flush, you use up to nine liters of clean water, which is an unnecessary waste.
6. DO LESS LAUNDRY:-
For this, you’ll have to produce less laundry but you’ll wear and tear on your fabrics and save time, as well. Unless your clothes are dirty obviously or smell very bad, there is no point in washing them unnecessarily. You can wear the same clothes on more than a day, also, you can wear the same pajama for few nights in a row. You must change underwear or socks daily but you can wear jeans, skirts and slacks more than one day.
7. CARE FOR YOUR LAWN IN A MORE WATER -EFFICIENT MANNER:-
You should water only those areas which actually needs it. You can collect rainwater or trigger nozzle on your house and then use it for water in your lawn, garden or plants (if you are collecting rain water then it is better if you check the laws of your country as collecting rainwater might not be legal due to water right laws). You should water them during the night as it will give water more time in order to soak in, without evaporation from the heat of the day. There is another way if you want to water plants deeply with a minimum amount of water is to water slowly by using micro – sprinklers or drip irrigation.
8. INSTALL A WATER METER:-
You might be very surprised to find out how much you’re using water actually. By installing a water meter, you can raise your awareness and reduce your water intake. It can be quite helpful in detecting leaks. Read meter once, wait two hours without running any water and then read it again. If it has been moved then something is leaking. Most of the water meters have a small gear or wheel which turns rapidly if any water is flowing at all. If you’re sure that all your water if turned off and even then you see the wheel moving, then you have a leak.
9. COVER YOUR SWIMMING POOL:-
Covering swimming pool helps to prevent the evaporation. In many places, emptying and re – filling the swimming pool is under stern restrictions or even banned. So preserving this is very important.
10. WASH THE CAR ON LAWN:-
For this, you can use a trigger nozzle or bucket of water. You can also use waterless spray – and – wipe products but they can be costly. You should wash your car less – often, everyday dirt and dust will not harm anything even if it collects for a little while. You should use environmentally – friendly cleaners as it will enable you to re-use that waste water into your garden or lawn.