Noise pollution is a disturbing and unwanted sound which can really interfere with normal activities of both humans and wildlife such as conversation, reproduction, sleeping or can diminish or disrupt the quality of an individual’s life. Noise pollution can impact the body, negatively, in many ways including impaired cognitive functioning, psychophysiological and cardiovascular effects, elevated blood pressure, reduce performance, cause heart attacks, provoke the annoyance responses, changes in social behavior and other effects of incessant stress. Noise pollution can be caused from many sources such as motorcycles, aircraft, automobiles, ships, buses, trucks, electrical machinery, construction equipment, jet planes, leaf blowers and lawn mowers and many more. Read further to know, how to reduce the noise pollution :-
1. PLANT A TREE :-
According to a report, planting shrubs and trees can actually reduce noise 5 – 10 decibels which means, it reduces noise approximately fifty percent to the ear of human beings. In order to achieve this effect, the planting design and species should be chosen carefully. If you really want to plant a tree or a shrub then you must plant it close to the sources of noise instead of planting it in the protected area, planting shrubs or trees as close together as species will allow, and not be overly constrained and using plants with the dense greenness. If you are planting two trees then try not to leave gaps between them, however make sure to leave enough space in order to grow roots to maturity, noise could actually leak through the gaps and weaken the effect of sound barrier.
2. IF YOU CAN’T BEAT THE NOISE THEN CREATE YOUR OWN BENEFICIAL NOISE :-
If you cannot escape or eliminate the noise pollution in your household or environment then you can create a good and healthier source of noise by replacing these stress inducing environmental sounds with more soothing, pleasing, inspirational and enjoyable ones! You can lay any of your favorite music , you can also listen to nature – tracks such as crashing waves, waterfalls, playing white music in background, singing birds. By drowning out unwelcoming and distracting sounds from the noisy environment with YOUR beneficial sources of noise, you can actually lessen the impact of other noise, boost your immunity, improve your mood, energize yourself or calm your physiology. While you are really trading one sound for he other, the sounds of music or nature are definitely more comforting and good for your health.
3. PRESSURE YOUR CITY OR GOVERNMENT TO BEGIN REGULATING NOISE :–
There are also many large scale steps which can can be taken in order to reduce noise pollution such as developing good infrastructures through road surface maintenance, low noise road surfaces, railway and tram depots, low noise track for trams, building insulation and noise tunnels and screens and also improving traffic management by humps and cushions, redesigning street spaces, reducing and imposing speed limits, calming green waves, placing bans on truck and reducing traffic volume.
4. TURN OFF THAT TELEVISION :-
A simple flip of a button can actually rid your home of the perpetual backdrop noise of your television, that can have effect on your family members on you, as a way of distraction, disturb your sleep, intervene your concentration when you are trying to think hard on a particular topic, it can be one of the potential source of stress in your home. According to a report of Purdue university, children who comes from the noisier houses, suffer the home noise pollution’s effects which includes delayed language skills, less cognitive growth, impaired resilience and increased anxiety.
5. DEALING WITH A NOISY NEIGHBOR :-
Many survey shows that most of the complaints related to noise, is caused by neighbors and some of the most common complaints include – Loud music or T.V, laminate flooring, D.I.Y, barking dogs or audible intruder alarms. Some people don’t even realize that they are causing any problem to their neighbors so the first thing you can do is to go to your neighbor and firmly explain your problem. Some good neighbors will be happy to reduce the noise, however other neighbors might react angrily too, in that case, you can take help from other neighbors in order to make your noisy neighbor understand. Also, make sure that you are not a noisy neighbor, whenever you listen to music tracks then make sure to keep its volume down or if you have a dog, train him not to bark unnecessary, in short, be a good neighbor!
6. PRACTICE MEDITATION, BREATHING EXERCISES AND YOGA:-
Since the noise pollution’s effects are primarily due to the stress response of the body, you can contravene directly, these effects, by reversing the physiological changes of your body, which come with constant stress through breathing exercises, yoga, and meditation that also provides a lot of benefits, both physically and mentally. Meditation is very effective if you want to relieve stress as it calms the physiology of your body while deep breathing exercises can calm the physiology of your body in just a few minutes, moreover, it can be done anytime and anywhere if you want to relieve stress immediately. Yoga is beneficial too, in relieving stress.
7. INSTALL DOUBLE – PANED WINDOWS AND WEATHER STRIPPING :-
If you live in a very noisy city nearby any railroad tracks or airport, then you can reduce the chances of entering noise pollution in your home by installing weather stripping and dual – pane windows. It will also provide insulation and will save your money by reducing the cooling and heating bills.
8. TAKE A BREAK AND GO FOR A WALK :-
Sometimes, we need to take a walk and just remove ourselves from a very stressful situation. This can be a very useful technique in order to relieve stress and refreshes your mind, for the people who work from home. Even if you do not work from home, you can still take a break from your usual environment and it is a great way to de – stress. If you live in a busy and noisy city, a simple walk can clear your mind and give it a really nice break.