Our Environment is being polluted every day. One of the main reasons behind this pollution is the industrial waste. Factories are dumping their waste anywhere thy can, and it is polluting our environment. Since the industrial revolution, small and traditional trades have been replaced by large industrial factories. Industrialization has been the result of rapid developments in technology and the increasing demands in our daily lives. These industries are essential to the progress of human civilization. There is almost no alternative to industrialization for meeting the high worldwide demand for goods. But the main thing is that most industrial factories are not eco-friendly at all. These factories produce a lot of waste every day. They are dumping their chemical and other waste wherever they want and polluting the air, water, and land. It is causing the soil pollution and climate change which is dangerous for earth’s biodiversity.
Wastes discharged from factories are polluting our rivers and other water bodies with chemicals. Dyes from garments factories and waste from tanneries end up in the rivers. Due to these toxic chemicals, the water has become nothing less than dye. The major victims of water pollution are amphibians and dolphins. A lot of amphibians that hunt insects in our farmlands are dying off. Just because of this, several species of fish and aquatic plants are endangered today. A lot of important plants are dying off due to toxic chemicals in the water. This harms the animals dependent on these plants. Fishes lose their breeding grounds and harm the overall ecosystem. This toxic water is also added on our farmlands by irrigation and because of this, the toxic chemicals are making their way into our food and cause diseases. Sometimes, forests are cut down to make space for these factories. This has caused habitat loss for many animals.
Polythene, plastics, and electronics also result in environmental pollution. Polythene and plastics are not biodegradable and finally, they end up collecting on river beds. The uppermost layer of the soil is used for either farming or for construction and this layer of soil is getting destroyed every day due to hard waste collecting on the soil. Because of this, a lot of tall buildings are now safety hazards as the top soil is being harmed by solid wastes. The beneficial invertebrates that dwell in the soil are also lost and the proper bonding of soil is damaged by it which results in the reduced production of harvest. The main factor behind air pollution is smoke from factories. Toxic substances like Carbon-monoxide are released into the air from this smoke. Brick kilns are responsible for both deforestation and air pollution from the smoke. Humans and other animals alike are under heavy threat because of air pollution. Increased industrialization has led to increased unplanned urbanization. One of the largest factors exacerbating global warming is industrial factories. So, the climate change effect is fast forwarding and floods, cyclones, tsunamis etc have all increased in number and strength due to climate change. Coastal and oceanic biodiversity are being destroyed as a result. Some species that have been greatly harmed are sea turtles, corals, snails, oysters, crabs and different types of birds. This in turn gravely affects the lives of coastal people. Unsustainable industrialization and pollution are having long term effects on our environment. So, before creating any factories, the environmental factors need to be considered. The waste management process at every factory needs to be improved and used. Some industrial wastage treatment plants need to be established near factories and other production places so that the water bodies can be protected. In these plants, the wastes from factories are purified stepwise. Hard wastes like plastics and polyethylene need to be recycled. Along with this, the methods of transportation and electricity production need to be environmentally sustainable. Sustainable development will be beneficial to both humans and the environment.
Today, there are still a lot of factories that don’t use the treatment plants and recycling methods. When someone sets up a new industry, they are only concerned about the production not the environment and these entrepreneurs probably don’t even have the necessary knowledge. So, the government should have some sort of program that can encourage and educate them about the effects of industrial biodegradable waste. We need industries for modern life and it is obvious that they will produce waste. We just need to increase awareness about the waste treatment. There are many private organizations working in the field of waste treatment and the industries need to outsource the waste material to them. These contractors will collect all the liquid and solid waste and treat it. Then the business can focus on only their products without worrying about treating the waste. There is a need to establish central treatment plants instituted by the government for each zone. Thermal power plants should also be established so that the large cooker can be replaced in the factories. This will help in eliminating smoke from burning coal. Afforestation is also another measure as if there is a heavily forested area, there will be less wind speed and the dust particle won’t be able to travel long distance with the wind. Another measure is to impose heavy penalties on the industries not following the pollution control rules. We just need to realize that it is our duty to keep the pollution at its lowest level.
It is obvious that with increasing industrialization the pollution will also increase but still, we have to follow the measures to survive alongside. We can also take some small steps on our behalf like reducing the amount of garbage that goes into the dust, reusing & recycling the items so that a number of new items can be decreased, using less paper, not using vehicles all the time and taking a walk instead. The factories should use chimneys, treat the wastes and disposals, degrade toxicants & poisonous materials, adopt green accounting system, use less of agrochemicals and fulfill the corporate social responsibility. These all measures can help us prevent industrial pollution, at least, to some extent.