Water is abundant yet scarce. It covers three-fourth part of our planet yet there are regions suffering from drought. It seems to be smooth enough to slip off our hands and yet it is one of the many freely available natural resources that we can’t stand a day without. The irony that is associated with WATER is that somewhere it is wasted while some place elsewhere it is needed for life.
The concept of sustainable growth focuses on overall development, the one that is n harmony with our nature and is also catering to the needs of generations to come. We, today live in a world suffering from illnesses inflicted on our environment as a result of our actions. The resources that are provided to us are not just ample but they are crucial for our very survival. While using them, we must not forget that if they perish, we will have nowhere to go. The sustainable approach comes with the idea of their conservation and preservation.
Water Conservation is needed in today’s perspective because we already have been affected by water shortage in some areas. It is the art of preserving the water by using only as much amount as needed, avoiding overuse or misuse. The amount of portable water which is available is limited and so should be its use. One might keep on wondering about the idea of converting the sea water to some desalinated useful state but now is a long way from the time before such a massive technology shows up. The only thing that we have control over is how to efficiently spend the little resource we are left with. There can be a number of practices that one can adopt in his/her daily life to contribute to the mission.
Avoid bath tubs, take shorter baths: People sometimes go blind by the senses when it comes to luxury.The lavishing Jacuzzis are tempting but they waste a lot of water. Also, while showering, one should keep the time short. The affluent have access to water, but then if you look at the bigger picture, there might be people craving for every single drop of the same.
Turn off the taps: one should use a glass of water while brushing instead of using the tap directly. Also, while washing, we should keep the flow restricted to avoid wastage. When we keep the tap open even for just a few minutes, unknowingly we might have wasted a few precious litres of it.
Reuse water after laundry: The water in the washing machines should not just be drained. This water can be used to clean driveways and walkways and even our vehicles( because it also contains soap for better cleaning ) and window panes.
Avoid a hose when a mop would do: Using a pipe to water plants or to wash the vehicles is not a wise thing to do because it tends to waste a lot of water. One can mop the vehicles and the floor and can rather use a bucket to water the plants.
Use regulated flushes: The flush used in toilets also happen to waste a lot of water. Several litres (5 to 6) flow down on merely one push. There are modern toilet flush systems available that pour in only as much water as you allow. The longer you press the button, the larger the water wasted.
Gardening rules: Plants to need water though not as frequently as humans do. The region near the stem of plants should be mulched so that the water could be held for some time. Also, the watering should be done at either morning or evening hours when the evaporation rate is less.Further, plants which tend to consume less water should be preferred.
Use faucets at the end of pipes: The use of pipes should be minimized though sometimes it cannot be replaced. Under those conditions, one should use faucets at the end so as to stop the water flow whenever not needed.
Rain Water Harvesting: The rainwater is also a form of naturally pure water though it gets polluted after coming in contact with our environs. This form of water should not be let go. Instead, rooftop structures can help us to safely collect it in some tank or reservoir. This technique is called rainwater harvesting. In some places, rainwater recharges underground water table while at other places it is put to use after purification.
These are just a few practices to mention. These aren’t all. One should look into their lives, where and when they can save water.It is a high time when we should realize the importance of conserving our precious resources. Parents should imbibe in their children the carefulness towards using water, friends should tell each other, institutional authorities should mandate rules avoiding wastage and above all, we should realize and be sensitive towards our declining resources. People, especially in drought-prone areas are worst affected and hence are well acquainted with the methods to save the resource supporting their lives. But, the responsibility of water conservation is not the duty of these people alone. It is a bigger responsibility of the unaffected people so that we can have equal and unbiased sharing of resources. This after all, is the very essence of sustainable development. We must understand that every drop of water is precious. Every time one wastes water there might be some child longing for a drop of water at the other end of a tap. Thus, awareness about water shortage and means of conserving water can do us a lot good.
Water is a substrate that supports the very foundations of life. It is the thing which makes our earth habitable. Not only, it must be wisely spent, but it should also be preserved for later use. Otherwise, we will be left with a planet having plenty of water but its people dying of thirst. Our life is in our hands. It is up to us, whether we choose to save it or let it flow.